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Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission

Alaska Department of Administration, Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission
Administration >  AOGCC >  Statistical Reports >  Annual Pool Statistics - 2004 >  Prudhoe Bay Unit, Prudhoe Oil Pool
AOGCC Pool Statistics
Prudhoe Bay Unit, Prudhoe Oil Pool
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Operator: BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc.
Discovery Well: Atlantic Richfield - Humble
  Prudhoe Bay State No. 1
  Permit #167-011
  API No. 50-029-20001-00-00
  Sec. 10, T11N, R14E, UM

Depth: 12,005 MD / 12,005' TVD

December 19, 1967
Status: Producing
Location: Central Arctic Slope Area Location Map DNR Unit Map
Orders: Complete List

Prudhoe Bay is the largest oil field in North America, and it ranks among the 20 largest fields in the world. The Prudhoe Bay State No. 1 exploratory well discovered this pool in 1968. In that well, DST No. 12 (a 48-1/2 hour production test that began June 1, 1968) produced oil at a maximum rate of 2,415 barrels per day, with an average estimated rate of about 2,025 barrels per day. Regular oil production began in April 1969, exceeded an average rate of 1,000,000 barrels per day in March of 1978, and then peaked in January 1987 at 1,627,036 barrels per day. In March 1994, oil production from the pool dropped below 1,000,000 barrels per day. Since 2000, production has declined at an average rate of 8% each year. During December 2004, daily oil production averaged 361,946 barrels. Production was lower than expected during August and September 2004. BP took the field down for maintenance in early August 2004, and had difficulties bringing it back on line. The total estimated impact was a deferral in production of about 2.5 million barrels of oil.


The Prudhoe Oil Pool is defined as the accumulations of oil that are common to and which correlate with the accumulations found in the Atlantic Richfield - Humble Prudhoe Bay State No. 1 well between the depths of 8,110' and 8,680'.  The Prudhoe Bay, Prudhoe Oil Pool encompasses, in ascending order, the Ivishak, Shublik and Sag River Formations.  The Ivishak Formation is Triassic-aged, and it consists of 300' to 600' of sandstone and conglomerate.  The lower part of the Ivishak consists of a basal, prodelta marine unit that grades upward into a marginal marine coastal sequence consisting of interbedded sandstone and shale.  The upper part was deposited by rivers and braided streams in a nonmarine alluvial environment.  Most of the recoverable reserves of the Ivishak occur in these braided stream sediments, where porosity ranges from 20 to 24% and permeability ranges from 300 md to several darcys.  The Shublik Formation is also Triassic-aged, and it consists of organic- and phosphate-rich sandstone, muddy sandstone, mudstone, silty limestone, and limestone.  These sediments were deposited in a low energy marine environment with high biologic productivity. The Sag River Formation consists of a lower sandstone member and an upper shale member.   The sandstone member consists of uniform, well-sorted, fine-grained sandstone and siltstone that were deposited within a barrier beach complex.  The Sag River Formation forms a relatively continuous reservoir over a large part of the Prudhoe Bay Field.  The sandstone member thickens from 20 in the south to about 70 in the north, and reservoir conditions improve toward the northeast.  The overlying shale member consists of shale and mudstone, and this member thins from about 70 in the west to about 10 in the main field area. Original oil in place is estimated to be about 25 billion barrels, and gas in place is estimated to be 46 trillion cubic feet. Associated produced water and most of the associated produced gas are currently re-injected to maintain reservoir pressure.

Structure Map Strat Column Type E-Log Type Mud Log
Orig. Oil in Place: 25 Billion STB (BP, 2003)
Orig. Gas in Place: 46 Trillion SCF (BP, 2003)
Production: Prod Chart Prod Report Prod Data

  Oil (bbls) NGL (bbls) Gas (mcf) Water (bbls)
Cumulative 10,696,957,978
445,193,478 48,185,907,666 7,314,491,566
2001 Total 166,718,125 27,525,572 2,757,914,072 397,522,990
2002 Total 150,975,479 26,639,589 2,761,753,078 407,097,339
2003 Total 141,301,777 24,972,399 2,840,910,387 403,737,851
2004 Total 127,610,356 25,628,910 2,885,902,348 410,712,635
2003 Daily Rate 387,128 68,418 7,783,316 1,106,131
2004 Daily Rate 349,617 70,216 7,906,582 1,125,240
Change (%) -10% 3% 2% 2%

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